Eagle

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Eagle
Lincolnshire
All Saints' church - geograph.org.uk - 236532.jpg
Church of All Saints, Eagle
Location
Grid reference: SK8770067115
Location: 53°11’38"N, 0°41’20"W
Data
Population: 793  (2011)
Post town: Lincoln
Postcode: LN6
Local Government
Council: North Kesteven
Parliamentary
constituency:
Sleaford and North Hykeham

Eagle is a village and ancient parish in the Kesteven part of Lincolnshire. It is situated seven miles south-west of Lincoln and two miles east of North Scarle in the Boothby Graffoe Wapentake. The civil parish of Eagle and Swinethorpe incorporates the ancient parish along with the extra-parochial areas of Eagle Hall, Eagle Woodhouse and Swinethorpe. Its population taken at the 2011 census was 793.[1]

All Saints' Anglican church dates from the 13th century and is Grade-II listed.[2] It was rebuilt in the 18th century and again in 1904.[3]

The village has a primary school, post office, village hall, park, nursing home, playing field, and public house.

Toponomy

Scholars believe that the name means "Oak-tree wood or clearing.", from Old English āc, an oak-tree and Old English lēah, a forest, wood, glade or clearing.[4]

History

Eagle appears in Domesday Book: the landowners were: Roger of Poitou (property formerly by Arnketill Barn), Durand Malet, Odo the Crossbowman (land formerly owned by Gunnketill), and Countess Judith (land formerly owned by Earl Waltheof of Northumbria). Eagle had a church and a priest. Countess Judith's manor had a value of £12.[5] Countess Judith was a niece of King William I – she was the daughter of his half-sister Adelaide of Normandy and her husband Lambert II, Count of Lens. She was also the widow of Earl Waltheof of Northumbria (1072–75, the last of the Anglo-Saxon Earls of England) who she had betrayed over his part in the Revolt of the Earls, and who was executed in 1076.

A preceptory of the Knights Templar was founded in Eagle by King Stephen. In 1312 it passed to the Hospitallers and became one of only two infirmaries for Templars in England.[6] Stephen's original endowment included the manor of Eagle and the churches of Eagle, Swinderby and Scarle.[3]

Geography

The village main road is High Street, running approximately north-east to south-west. To the north of High Street the road to Scarle branches off towards the west; in the centre of the village Thorpe Road branches off towards the south-east. Church Lane on the west side of the village is a horseshoe loop joining High Street at both ends. Older maps show Green Lane, now a footpath, approximately parallel to High Street on its east.

There are three small housing estates: Falcon Close off Thorpe Lane, built in the 1960s; Hilltop Close off Scarle Lane, built in the 1970s; and Kestrel Rise off the southern High Street, built in the 1980s.

The areas and hamlets adjacent to the village are Eagle Moor, north-east; Eagle Hall, south-west; and Eagle Barnsdale, south-east. The nearest villages are Swinderby, south; North Scarle, west; and Thorpe on the Hill, east. Eagle is excellently situated for access to the A1 going north and south via the A57 and A46 respectively. It is also only 15 minutes from Newark Northgate station with East Coast Main Line connections to Edinburgh, Leeds and London (90 mins travel time). Eagle is home to a number of businesses including catering, software, secondhand/antiquarian books, game shooting, solar panels and horse-management.

References

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("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Eagle)
  1. "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11122905&c=Eagle+and+Swinethorpe&d=16&e=62&g=6446729&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1463323779710&enc=1. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  2. National Heritage List England no. 1061994: Church of All Saints
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire p. 120; Methuen & Co. Ltd
  4. E.Ekwall, Dictionary of English Place-Names(1987), p.155;K.Cameron, Dictionary of Lincolnshire Place-names (1998), p.40; A.D. Mills, Dictionary of British Place-Names (Oxford, 2011), p.167
  5. The Domesday Book - Lincolnshire, Phillmore & Co. Ltd.
  6. Historic England. "Preceptory (324380)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=324380. Retrieved 12 February 2011