Carterton

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Carterton
Oxfordshire
Location
Grid reference: SP2806
Location: 51°45’22"N, 1°35’13"W
Data
Population: 11,805  (2001)
Post town: Witney
Postcode: OX18
Dialling code: 01993
Local Government
Council: West Oxfordshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
Witney
Website: Carterton Town Council

Carterton is a large town in western Oxfordshire. It is not an ancient town but was established by, and named after, William Carter in the early twentieth century. Carterton stands situated some 2 miles south of the A40 and 4 miles south-west of Witney. The town lies on the edge of the Thames Valley and is close to the Cotswolds area of outstanding natural beauty.

Churches

History

Until the early 20th century, the Carterton area was farmland and belonged to the parish of Black Bourton. The land was then sold to William Carter, the director of a building company.

Carterton was built about 1¼ miles from The East Gloucestershire Railway between Witney and Fairford stations. The line had been built in 1873 and had subsequently been taken over by the Great Western Railway. In 1944 the GWR opened Carterton station on the line, but in 1962 British Railways closed the line and the station.[1]

RAF Brize Norton was established in 1937 between Carterton and the railway line. The airbase's presence led Carterton to grow rapidly during the Second World War. The Royal Air Force is still one of the main employers in the area. The link with the air base also means that the population of Carterton continually fluctuates. There is also a significant proportion of retired RAF personnel living in the town.

A regular visitor in the 1940s was the painter LS Lowry, who had a sister in the town. He painted the market square in Witney in 1949, a reproduction of which can be seen at Lea's, the Opticians, just off the square. The original is in a private collection in Cheshire.

In the first decade of the 21st century the new Shilton Park district of northeast Carterton was built, providing a mix of housing for private ownership and social letting. The new St John's Church of England primary school has been built at Shilton Park and construction of a local shopping centre is now complete.

References