Burlescombe

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Burlescombe
Devon
Burlescombe - church - geograph.org.uk - 57772.jpg
St Mary's Church
Location
Grid reference: ST074166
Location: 50°56’31"N, 3°19’5"W
Data
Population: 911  (2001)
Post town: Tiverton
Postcode: EX16
Dialling code: 01823
Local Government
Council: Mid Devon
Parliamentary
constituency:
Tiverton and Honiton

Burlescombe (pronounced "Burlescombe") is a village in Devon about five miles south-west of Wellington, across the county border in Somerset. The ruins of the 12th century Canonsleigh Abbey are nearby.

The 2001 census recorded a population of 911.

History

The parish was formerly divided into four tithings and hamlets: the Town Tithing, Appledore, Westleigh and Ayshford. In 1872 the lord of the manor was Edward Ayshford Sandford, Esq., in which year much of the parish belonged to the heirs of Sir William Follett, namely R. H. Clarke Esq, Henry Dunsford Esq., and other freeholders[1][2]

As part of the construction of the Grand Western Canal in about 1810, a series of bridges was constructed here over the canal which are now listed as heritage assets: an unnamed road bridge,[3], the Fenacre Bridge,[4] the Fossend Canal Bridge,[5] and pair of culverts.[6]

Ruins of a limekiln at Westleigh Quarry, Burlescombe

Limestone of superior quality abounded in the locality and in the 19th century great quantities of it were sent off by canal and railway.[1]

Burlescombe railway station was opened by the Bristol and Exeter Railway in 1867. A siding on the west side served the railway's nearby ballast quarry at Westleigh. Both the station and siding are now closed. The parish includes Tiverton Parkway railway station, which was opened in 1986.

In 1872 the parish was entitled to send a boy to nearby Uffculme Free School,[2] founded in 1701 by Nicholas Ayshford who endowed it with £47 per annum.[7] Today the trustees of the Ayshford Educational Foundation[8] award grants to students aged over 18 in further and higher education who are residents of the parishes of Burlescombe, Holcombe Rogus or Uffculme.

Parish church

The parish church dedicated to St Mary is chiefly of the time of Henry VII. It was renovated in 1843.[1]

The church contains a beautiful ancient rood-screen, and fine monuments of the Ayshford family. The parish church was renovated in 1843 when new carved oak pews and stained glass windows were added and the heraldic blazonry on the screen was re-painted.

Monument to Roger Ayshford (d.1610)

Mural monument to Roger Ayshford (d.1610)

In the church there is a mural monument to Roger Ayshford (d.1610) which bears the inscription:

"In mortem et memoriam Regery Aysheforde armigery epitaphium obiit ... die Januarii anno 1610 anno aetatis suee 76 ('An epitaph in death and memory of Roger Ayshford Esq. who died the ... day of January 1610 in the 76th year of his age') You that passe by this tombe stand still awhile; and with youre tongues and teares the tym begueil; to see soe good a man betr(ayed?) to dust; and not cause why save that hee was rightjust; the Church and churchmen was his cheife delight; to other thinges hee scarse hadd appetite; or if he had twas like himself twas rare; so zeallus all his recreativs weare; hee wisht and wanted tym which was wi(th?)stoode; not to lyve longe but to doe more good; whearin though death hath crost hym yet heell have; his vertueus life survyve his marble grave

Sculpted opposite Roger is his wife Elizabeth Michell, daughter of Richard Michell (1524–1563) of Perry Court, in Wembdon parish, near Cannington, Somerset. Richard died at the Middle Temple, London, suggesting that he was to have been a lawyer; his heir was his son Tristram.[9] His father was Sir Thomas Michell KB(1514–1539) who on 13 December 1539 at his home called Gurney Street (or Gurney Manor) in Cannington,[10] murdered his wife and her sister Eleanor, wife of George Sydenham of Chilworthy, near Ilminster, before committing suicide.[11] Above her head are shown the arms of Michell: Per chevron gules and sable, a chevron between three swans argent[12] The Michell family were lords of the manor of Wembdon.[13]

Monument to Elizabeth Ayshford (d.1635)

Ayshford mural monument to Elizabeth Wilmot (d.1635)

There is a mural monument to Elizabeth Wilmot (d.1635) Burlescombe Church. Text incised on slate tablet on monument: "To the memory of Elizabeth Ayshford wife of Arthur Ayshford eldest sonne of Henry Ayshford Esquier only daughter of the right honourable Charles Lord Wilmot Viscount of Atllone (i.e. Athlone, d.1644) late general of his majesties forces in the kingdome of Ireland now a privy counceller both of England Ireland. She dyed the 23th (sic) yeare of her age Anno D(omi)ni 1635 June 13.o"

Ayshford Court

Ayshford Chapel and Ayshford Court, viewed from the south, from the bank of the canal

Ayshford is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Aiseforda. It is recorded even earlier in a charter dated 958.[14]

The manor house is now split into two residences. The main historic house was built by the Ashford/Ayshford family in about 1500 with major additions in the 16th and 17th centuries. The parlour wing was probably built by Roger Ayshford (d.1610) and the plasterwork was probably commissioned by Arthur Ayshford. The owners at the time of the listing of the building in 1966 possessed a transcript of a 1689 inventory which showed the great wealth of the Ayshford family at that time. Mention was made of a "painted chamber". Ayshford Court, with its chapel and farmbuildings form an attractive group of buildings.[14]

Ayshford Chapel of Ease

Main article: Ayshford Chapel

On the former manor of the Ayshford family, next to the manor house which survives, stands a 15th century chapel of ease. It consists of a rectangular aisle-less block containing a nave and chancel. It is considered to be large for a private chapel in Devon. The wagon-roof and carved oak chancel screen are 15th-century. The screen was re-painted in the 19th century, to which period the furniture, consisting of utilitarian oak pews and the black and red glazed floor tiles, also belongs. It contains several monuments to the Ayshford family.

Outside links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wilson, John Marius, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1870-2
  2. 2.0 2.1 White's Directory, 1850
  3. National Heritage List 1325897: Road bridge over the Grand Western Canal at Burlescombe
  4. National Heritage List 10200668: Fenacre Bridge at Burlescombe
  5. National Heritage List 1325865: Fossend Canal Bridge at Burlescombe
  6. National Heritage List 10200667: Twin Culverts at Burlescombe
  7. The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson 2003
  8. Ayshford Educational Foundation - Registered Charity no. 306659 at the Charity Commission
  9. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=ancestorsearch&id=I27541
  10. The Landmark Trust, Gurney Manor, Cannington, History of the Manor
  11. Star Chamber Cases, Somerset Records Society, Vol. 27, p.216
  12. Quote from Devon notes and queries
  13. [1] - A History of the County of Devon - Volume 6 pp325–330: {{{2}}} (Victoria County History)
  14. 14.0 14.1 Ayshford Court, Burlescombe - British Listed Buildings