The Boldon Book contains the results of a survey of the Bishopric of Durham that was completed on the orders of Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham, in 1183. Since the Domesday Survey was not conducted in Durham, the Boldon Book is the earliest detailed survey of the county.
The bishop's survey was designed to assist the administration of the vast diocesan estates. The survey was similar to that of the Domesday Book in the previous century, covering the bishop's lands in what was to become County Durham and other parts of the north-eastern counties. In these lands, after the Norman Conquest, taxes were collected and spent by the Bishop of Durham not the King of England, which is why the Domesday Book does not include Durham, and so Boldon became the Bishop's own Domesday Book.
Like the Domesday Book, the Boldon Book is a 'customal account' listing the labour, money and produce owed by standing custom to the Bishop. The areas of North Durham (for example Norhamshire and Bedlingtonshire) are included, but not those areas in the possession of other great northern landowners. The Bishop's manor at Boldon was listed early in the survey, and later entries recorded customal dues "as at Boldon", hence the name.
Dues were assessed at the individual level as well as by community. The book attests to the overwhelmingly pastoral economy of the North, and provides a contrast to the better-documented Southeast, "in particular the existence of large estates often comprising several villages which sometimes share a single demesne".
The Boldon Book is discussed by G.T. Lapsley, "Introduction to and Text of the Boldon Book," Victoria County History: Durham vol. 1 (London, 1905) pp. 259–341, with an English translation, pp 327-51. The Latin text and an English translation are provided in D. Austin, ed., Boldon Book: Northumberland and Durham in Phillimore's edition of Domesday Book, vol. 35 (Chichester, 1982)
- W. D. Handcock, English Historical Documents 1833-1874, 1996, sect. 180, brief introduction to the Boldon Book.
- Handcock 1996, p 897.
- BL. Stowe MS 930.