Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales
Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, formerly the National Museums and Galleries of Wales, is an umbrella body which comprises seven museums in Wales:
- National Museum Cardiff, Glamorgan
- St Fagans National Museum of History, Glamorgan
- Big Pit National Coal Museum in Blaenavon, Monmouthshire
- National Wool Museum, Dre-fach Felindre near Llandysul, Cardiganshire
- National Slate Museum, Llanberis, Caernarfonshire
- National Roman Legion Museum in Caerleon, Monmouthshire
- National Waterfront Museum in Swansea, Glamorgan
In addition to these sites, the organisation runs Oriel y Parc, a gallery of Welsh landscape art in St David's, Pembrokeshire, in partnership with the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park Authority. The National Collections Centre in Nantgarw is AC-NMW's storage facility.
The National Museum of Wales was founded in 1905, with its royal charter granted in 1907. Part of the bid for Cardiff to obtain the National Museum for Wales included the gift of the Cardiff Museum Collection, then known as "Welsh Museum of Natural History, Archaeology and Art," which was formally handed over in 1912. The Cardiff Museum was sharing the building of Cardiff Library, and was a sub-department of the library until 1893. It later moved to Cathays Park. The current Amgueddfa Cymru was founded around this institution, bringing other museums together.
The Antiquarian Museum was opened in Caerleon in 1850, became the National Roman Legion Museum when joining 'Agueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales'.
The Welsh Folk Museum was crated at St Fagans in 1948, and after a number of name-changes it became the St Fagans National Museum of History.
Of the industrial museums:
- The North Wales Quarrying Museum opened in 1972, and was later renamed 'the National Slate Museum'
- The Museum of the Welsh Woollen Industry opened in 1976, and is now the 'National Wool Museum'
- Big Pit was opened in 1983, as part of the National Museum of Wales.
- The Swansea Industrial and Maritime Museum became the National Waterfront Museum when federated with the other museums
The mueums and visitor numbers
In 2017 over 1.89m visitors attended the National Museum sites. The most popular site for 2017 was St Fagans and in 2016 the most popular attraction was National Museum Cardiff.
|Museum||Visitor numbers (2017)||Image|
|St Fagans National Museum of History||553,090|
|National Museum Cardiff||539,550|
|National Waterfront Museum||268,622|
|National Slate Museum||145,969|
|Big Pit National Coal Museum||141,969|
|National Roman Legion Museum||70,021|
|National Wool Museum||36,909|
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales)
- Oriel y Parc, Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales, https://www.museumwales.ac.uk/4272/, retrieved 9 August 2015 Template:Dead link
- "Visits to tourist attractions in Wales 2017" (pdf). Visit Wales. https://gov.wales/docs/caecd/research/2018/180823-visitor-attractions-survey-2017-summary-en.pdf. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- Mason, Rhiannon: 'Museums, Nations, Identities: Wales and its National Museums' (University of Wales Press, 2007) p 256 ISBN 0708319726
|Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales|
National Museum Cardiff • St Fagans National Museum of History • Big Pit National Coal Museum • National Wool Museum • National Roman Legion Museum • National Slate Museum • National Waterfront Museum