Ainderby Steeple

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Ainderby Steeple
Yorkshire
North Riding
AinderbySteeple(OliverDixon)Mar2006.jpg
The village green, Ainderby Steeple
Location
Grid reference: SE333921
Location: 54°19’25"N, 1°29’19"W
Data
Population: 298  (2011)
Post town: Northallerton
Postcode: DL7
Local Government
Council: North Yorkshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
Richmond (Yorks)

Ainderby Steeple is a village in the North Riding of Yorkshire. It is to be found is situated on the A684, two and a half miles south-west of Northallerton, and immediately to the east of Morton-on-Swale.

Howden Bridge over the River Wiske on the eastern boundary of the parish is a scheduled ancient monument.[1]

The name of the village is derived from the Old Norse personal name of Eindriði and the word bi for farm. The suffix 'Steeple' is later.[2][3]

Parish church

St Helen's Church

The parish church, St Helen's is in the heart of in Ainderby Steeple. It dates back to the fourteenth century, while the parish registers start in 1668.[4] It was renovated in the 15th and 19th centuries.

The church is a Grade I listed building.[5]

History

The village is mentioned twice in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Eindrebi. Some of the lands were part of the manor of Northallerton at the time of the Norman Conquest which was held by Edwin, Earl of Mercia. After Edwin's rebellion of 1071, it became Crown property (indeed, the only Crown property in the entire Land of Count Alan). Most of the other land was in the manor of Ellerton-on-Swale, with land held by Thorkil and Ulfkil before the Norman invasion, and Ansketil of Forneaux afterwards.

The Funeaux family are recorded as lords of the manor thereafter until the early 14th century, when Geoffrey le Scrope bought the lands. The manor continued to be owned by his descendants, albeit with a couple of incidents when the Crown took possession, until 1517 when the eleventh Lord Scrope had no male heir. The manor was divided among his children, and ended up in the possession of Robert Roos by way of the Strangeway family. By the nineteenth century claims to the manor had fallen into abeyance.[6][4][7]

About the village

The village is on the A684 road between Northallerton and Bedale. It is situated less than a mile from the River Swale. How Beck, a tributary of the River Swale has its source on the southern outskirts of the village. The River Wiske lies a mile to the east of the village. The villages of Morton-on-Swale and Thrintoft are within a mile of the village too.

The Wensleydale Railway Association have extended their line, that currently runs from Redmire to Leeming Bar, to run just to the north of the village. This section was due to open to traffic in 2013 and will go as far the East Coast Main Line just to the west of Northallerton. This has meant the construction of two level crossings in the village.[8]

Outside links

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References

  1. National Heritage List 1004896: Howden Bridge (Scheduled ancient monument entry)
  2. Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  3. Mills, Anthony David: 'A Dictionary of British Place-Names' (Oxford University Press, 2003) ISBN 978-0-19-852758-9
  4. 4.0 4.1 A History of the County of York: North Riding - Volume 1 pp36-39: Parishes: Arkengarthdale (Victoria County History)
  5. National Heritage List 1315088: Church of St Helen (Grade I listing)
  6. Steeple Ainderby Steeple in the Domesday Book
  7. Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 326–327. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  8. "Wensleydale Railway". Wensleydale Railway Association. 2013. http://www.wensleydalerail.com/about-us. Retrieved 17 March 2013.