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Grid reference: NO186016
Location: 56°12’0"N, 3°18’49"W
Post town: Kinross
Postcode: KY13
Dialling code: 01592
Local Government
Council: Perth and Kinross
Ochil and South Perthshire

Scotlandwell is a village in the parish of Portmoak, Kinross-shire. It lies to the east of Loch Leven, at the junction of the A977 and B920 roads, approximately four miles east of the county town Kinross and four miles west of Glenrothes in Fife.


The main historical features of Scotlandwell village are The Well & Wash House

Scotlandwell is one of the great historic sites of Kinross-shire. In early Latin charters it is named Fons Scotiae (meaning "Scotland's Well"); the curative waters that bubble up through the sandy ground were used by Red Friars who maintained a hospital in the village between 1250 and 1587.

Thousands of pilgrims came to Scotlandwell to take the water, the most famous perhaps being King Robert the Bruce who is alleged to have found a cure for leprosy here.

The people of Scotlandwell are rightly concerned about the state of the historic well and nearby washhouse, which are both urgently in need of upkeep and repair. While the well itself needs a good clean out and minor structural attention, the washhouse is an architectural gem that is fast deteriorating.

With a view to rescuing the washhouse and putting it to some use Portmoak Community Council has approached the District Council, which fell heir to these unusual buildings in the 1920s.

The building of the ornamental well and wash house in Scotlandwell in more recent times was undertaken as part of a general scheme of village improvement carried out between 1857 and 1860 by Thomas Bruce of Arnot.

A direct descendent of Sir William Bruce, the architect of Kinross House, Thomas Bruce was the feudal superior of the old Barony of Arnot which included the village of Scotlandwell as its principal settlement.

In 1822 a small piece of common ground, situated by the main street and known locally as the Peat Hill, was divided up amongst the feuars of the village. Thomas Bruce of Arnot, who eventually acquired all of this land, decided to beautify the village by landscaping the site where the villagers of Scotlandwell had formerly stacked their peat.

The spot where the well now stands was then described as being "an almost unapproachable slough of mire and filth" beside which stood "a half ruinous building used sometimes as a washing house and sometimes as a slaughter house."

The Well

In March 1857 the plan for an ornamental fountain or well was prepared by the distinguished Edinburgh architect David Bryce (1803–76). Best known for his large-scale "Scottish Baronial" buildings, which include Fettes College and the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh, Bryce designed not only the well but also the stylish washhouse opposite. Using stone from quarries at Greenhead of Arnot and Nivingston near Cleish, the well was completed in 1858 at a cost of £154.

The death of Thomas Bruce of Arnot's wife Henrietta during the building of the well turned the project into both a labour of love and a memorial. On either side of the water spout in front of the well are the embossed initials TBA for Thomas Bruce of Arnot and HD for his wife, Henrietta Dorin.

The village improvement scheme, which also included the upgrading of many cottages, was completed in 1860 with the building of the washhouse at a cost of £117. In addition to land being cleared to create a bleach field, an ornamental garden with exotic trees was laid out for the benefit of villagers between the washhouse and the main street. For many years a tearoom stood on this site. The wash house bears not only the date 1860 but also the initials TBA for Thomas Bruce of Arnot who commented on the whole scheme once the well and wash house had been completed:

"The improvement of the village and of its "Well" has cost me more money than some might perhaps say I aught to have expended upon them, but it has been a subject of great interest to me and I have been far more than repaid in one way at least by the gratification it has afforded to the villagers by a desire for whose moral improvement it was that I was mainly actuated in what I did and am still doing."

Two years after the death of the distinguished diplomat Sir Charles Bruce of Arnot in 1922, the well, wash house, garden and bleach field were handed over to the people of Scotlandwell as a gift. Thereafter, the local Parish Council whose powers were eventually devolved to Kinross County Council maintained the site and its historic buildings.

The Kinross-shire Civic Trust hopes that this unusual example of 19th century village amenity will not be allowed to fall into disrepair.


  • Scottish Record Office, Bruce of Arnot Papers (GD 242).
  • Plan of Division of Scotlandwell Peat Hill Ebenezer Birrell, surveyor 1821, (Kinross-shire Antiquarian Society).
  • Rev. J.P.J. Gordon The Ecclesiastical Chronicle for Scotland, Glasgow, 1875.
  • D.Mackenzie Munro 'The Red Friars of Scotlandwell' in the Kinross Advertiser, 30 Aug. 1969.
  • Kinross Museum 108-110 High Street Kinross KY13 7DA