It has a long heritage in education and coal mining. The old 'British' coal-mining site was a great source of income and work for many of the local settlers and attracted people from far and wide with the chance of a stable job and living. The mine was produced coal and produce for a good half of a century before closing in May 1974.
The former British School was demolished in the 1990s and a housing association development was built on the site.
Talywain offers hilltop views of the beautiful surrounding scenery. It has several public houses along with a few small shops and a nearby viaduct which used to be used as a main train track and transport from Pontypool to Blaenavon for many years.
Talywain has its own rugby and football clubs along with a golf course and golf driving range. The football club is called Fairfield F.C. and the rugby club, Talywain RFC.
- Location map: 51°43’52"N, 3°4’8"W