Sturminster Newton

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Sturminster Newton
Dorset
Dorset stur mill from bridge.jpg
The mill on the Stour, Sturminster Newton
Location
Grid reference: ST786140
Location: 50°55’12"N, 2°18’-0"W
Data
Population: 3,105  (2001)
Post town: Sturminster Newton
Postcode: DT10
Dialling code: 01258
Local Government
Council: Dorset
Parliamentary
constituency:
North Dorset

Sturminster Newton is a town in Dorset, standing on a low limestone ridge in a meander of the River Stour. The town is at the centre of a large dairy agriculture region, around which the town's economy is built. The larger part of the town is known as Sturminster and lies on the north side of the river, and this is where most shops and services are found, whilst to the south of trhe river is Newton. Between these two areas is a broad flood plain.

The town gives its name to the Sturminster Newton Hundred.

The town is famous as the home of Dorset's two great poets; William Barnes lived there and, for part of his life so did Thomas Hardy.

A market is held in the town on Mondays. One of the largest cattle markets in Britain used to be held here,[1] but the market was closed in 1998 and now in its place stands a housing estate and a 300-seat community arts centre called The Exchange.

History

The town is at a historic fording point on the Stour. The ford was replaced in the 16th century with a six-arch stone bridge, and a 270-yard embankment crossing the flood plain. The bridge was widened from 12 to 18 feet in 1820.[2] A 19th century plaque affixed to the bridge states that anyone damaging the bridge would have been transported to Australia as a felon. On the south bank of the river is the watermill which was restored in 1980 and is now a museum.

Hidden on the hill above the bridge are the ruins of Sturminster Newton Castle, a manor house rather than a defensive building. The 14th century building stands on a crescent shaped mound which could be the site of an Iron Age hill fort.[3].

The town was recorded in the Anglo Saxon charter in 968 as Nywetone at Stoure, and in the Domesday Book as Newentone. Newton refers to a new farm or estate, and Sturminster to a church (minster) on the Stour. Originally the two parts of the name referred to the settlements on the north and south of the river, but were combined to distinguish the town from Sturminster Marshall and other Newtons.[4]

The town is set in the vale on which Thomas Hardy based his fictional Vale of the little dairies, and Sturminster had the largest livestock market in Britain, which stood close to the town centre until it was closed and demolished in 1998.

The town centre is built in a mixture of styles, including 17th and 18th century thatched cottages, Georgian stone buildings, and 19th century brick buildings. Set back from the main road is the market square and parish church, which was rebuilt in 1486 by the abbots of Glastonbury. The church was heavily modified in the 19th century, but the carved wagon roof remains.

From 1863 the Somerset and Dorset Railway ran through the town until 1966 when it was dismantled as part of the Beeching Axe. The station and goods yard were demolished in the mid 1970s.[5]

The railway goods yard gave milk trains access to the private sidings of the local creamery. Started in 1913 by local farmers to produce cheddar cheese and pasteurized milk, it was taken over by the Milk Marketing Board in 1937. Milk trains ceased in 1966 on closure of the line, with the creamery remaining in operation until 2000 under successor Dairy Crest.[6]

Events

The town is part of the West Country Carnival circuit. It is also the home of the annual UK Boogie Woogie Festival.[7]

Outside links

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("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Sturminster Newton)

References

  1. Sturminster Newton Tourist Information at iknow-dorset.co.uk
  2. David McFetrich & Jo Parsons, 1998. Dorset Bridges. Wimborne: Dovecote Press ISBN 1-874336-51-2
  3. The Dorest Page, 2000. Sturminster Newton.
  4. A.D. Mills, 1986. Dorset Place Names. Southampton, Ensign. ISBN 1-85455-065-9
  5. Mike Oakley, 2001. Dorset Railway Stations. Wimborne: Dovecote Press ISBN 1-874336-96-2
  6. "The Creamery at Sturminster Newton". cheesefestival.co.uk. http://www.cheesefestival.co.uk/creamery.html. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  7. UK Boogie Woogie Festival