The river rises at Fowey Well about a mile northwest of Brown Willy on Bodmin Moor, and not far from one of its tributaries rising at Dozmary Pool and Colliford Lake. It flows down from the moor to pass Lanhydrock House, Restormel Castle and Lostwithiel, then broadens at Milltown before joining the English Channel at Fowey. The estuary is called Uzell, from the Cornish meaning 'howling place'). For larger craft the river is only navigable for its lowest the 7 miles.
The section of the Fowey Valley between Doublebois and Bodmin Parkway railway station is known as the Glynn Valley, form the Cornish Glyn, meaning 'deep wooded valley'). The valley is the route of both the A38 trunk road and the railway line (built by the Cornwall Railway in 1859). The railway line is carried on eight stone viaducts along this stretch.
Geology and hydrology
The upper reaches of the Fowey are mainly moorland giving way to woodland and farmland, predominantly livestock. This means that 63.6% of the catchment is grassland, with a further 18.3% woodland and 10.7% arable land. Of the remaining 7.5%, 2.6% is urban or built-up areas, 2.5% is mountain, heath and bog and the remainder is inland waters.
The basin of the River Fowey covers a total of 41,800 acres (65.3 sq. miles) consisting of kaolinised granite on Bodmin Moor, Devonian slates and grits, and valley gravels. Data collected by the National Water Archive shows that average flow at the Restormel monitoring station is 4.78 cubic m/s and is affected by the reservoirs at Colliford and Sibleyback and by abstraction of water for public supply.
Wildlife and conservation
The river runs through two Sites of Special Scientific Interest, one of which is also part of a National Nature Reserve. The Upper Fowey SSSI is a floodplain on the southern slopes of Bodmin Moor and is designated for its wet heath vegetation and herbaceous valley-floor mire communities.
Lower down the river at Golitha Falls part of the woodland is designated a National Nature Reserve and is within the Draynes Wood SSSI. At this point the river runs through a gorge and is of particular importance for ″lower plants″ such as liverworts, mosses and lichens.
The Fowey valley is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and beautiful it is, attracting many hikers, holidaymakers and tourists, visiting the sites and places of interest and eating freshly caught fish. The river has very pleasant sites and special paths made for hiking and walking along the banks and in the countryside surrounding the towns.
At Golitha (pronounced Goleetha) are the famous Golitha Falls. (The name is derived from the Cornish word for obstruction.) There is a three-mile riverside walk, from the visitor car park. Golitha Falls is the site of Wheal Victoria copper mine
The River Fowey is famous for its sailing because of its natural harbour. In the past it has been visited by up to 7,000 yachts in one season. Almost all sections of the river have been paddled by kayakers and canoeists: the whitewater sections high up on the moor, all the way down to the estuary. Fowey has an excellent local chandlery.
The Fowey is rich in freshwater fish, so many fishermen descend upon it in season to enjoy their recreation.
Fowey to Polruan Passenger and Cycle Ferry. The summer service runs 1 May – 30 September from Whitehouse Slip the evening and later from Town Quay. The Winter service runs 1 October – 30 April leaving Town Quay.
Fowey to Bodinnick Vehicle Ferry. The summer service operates 1 April – 31 October and the winter service operates 1 November – 31 March until dusk.
Fowey to Mevagissey Passenger Ferry is a timetabled summer service between Fowey and Mevagissey leaving Whitehouse Slip. Journey time is around 40 minutes. It provides an alternative route to The Lost Gardens of Heligan, finishing the journey by foot or taxi. This service is dependent on weather
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about River Fowey)
- "Fowey at Restormel: Land use". Natural Environment Research Council.. http://www.nwl.ac.uk/ih/nrfa/spatialinfo/LandUse/landuse048011.html. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- "48011 – Fowey at Restormel". Natural Environment Research Council.. http://www.nwl.ac.uk/ih/nrfa/station_summaries/048/011.html. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
- "Upper Fowey SSSI". Natural England. 1989. http://www.sssi.naturalengland.org.uk/citation/citation_photo/1001958.pdf. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Golitha Falls NNR". Natural England. http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/ourwork/conservation/designatedareas/nnr/1006060.aspx. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Draynes Wood SSSI". Natural England. 1985. http://www.sssi.naturalengland.org.uk/citation/citation_photo/1003106.pdf. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Golitha Falls". Cornwall Council. http://www.cornwall.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=13380. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Wheal Victoria Copper Mine". http://www.photofilecornwall.co.uk/cornwall_mineheritage/whealvictoria/index.htm. Retrieved 29 October 2011.