Orchards, Surrey

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Orchards
Surrey
Location
Grid reference: SU99264328
Location: 51°10’49"N, 0°34’53"W
Village: Bramley
History
Address: Munstead Heath Road
Built 1897-1899
For: William and Julia Chance
by Edwin Lutyens
Country house
Arts and crafts
Information

Orchards is an Arts and Crafts style house in Bramley in Surrey. It was the first major work of Edwin Lutyens, the most important architect of his day and the creator of New Delhi.

The house stands between Bramley and Busbridge, a mile south-east of Godalming town centre. It is a Grade I listed building.[1] The gardens are Grade II* listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. The property is privately owned.[2]

The southwest corner of the quadrangle, with entrance porch and arcade, 1921

House

The house was built during 1897–99 by Lutyens for William and Julia Chance.[3] Sir William Chance (2 July 1853 – 9 April 1935), a barrister and philanthropist, was the son of Sir James Timmins Chance, of the glassmaking company Chance Brothers, and succeeded his father as the second Chance baronet in 1902. His wife, born Julia Charlotte Strachey, was the only child of explorer Sir Henry Strachey.[4] She was an amateur sculptor, and a supporter of the Arts and Crafts movement.[5]

The couple initially commissioned architect Halsey Ricardo for their new house,[5] but did not like his initial designs. When they happened to walk past Munstead Wood, the house which Lutyens was then building for garden designer Gertrude Jekyll, they were impressed and decided to employ Lutyens instead.[6] They also employed the same local firm of builders as Jekyll used at Munstead Wood, Thomas and William Underwood.[7]

Orchards was the first in a series of successful designs by Lutyens for Arts and Crafts style country houses, larger than Munstead Wood but similarly using local styles of vernacular architecture. These included Goddards and Tigbourne Court in Surrey,[6] Deanery Garden in Berkshire and Little Thakeham in Sussex.[8] This series of designs established Lutyens's reputation.[9]

View from southeast, towards the loggia, 1921

The celebrated[8][10] approach towards and into Orchards from the north passes alongside a massive, buttressed stable wing on the left, then progresses via a two-storey rectangular opening in the northern side of a quadrangle, towards an entrance porch on its far side.[8] In the north-west corner, next to the opening, Lutyens provided Julia Chance with a two-storey, north-lit studio; this was connected by way of an arcade along the west side of the quadrangle to her husband's study in the south-west corner. In the south-east corner, the dining room has an east-facing loggia,[10] giving an extensive view over a sunken Dutch garden and the Thorncombe Valley beyond;[6] Lutyens re-used this kind of arrangement at other houses, such as at Marshcourt in Hampshire.[11]

The house is built in Bargate stone,[10] with bands of red tiles,[12] silvered oak timbers and red tile roofs.[10] Internal features include a blue and white tiled fireplace by Julia Chance,[8] painted with a plan of the house,[5] and in her studio a two-storey fireplace. Alterations to the house in 1939 removed some original features.[8]

In 1917, the couple employed Lutyens again, to restore Legh Manor, a 16th-century house near Ansty in Sussex,[13] and in the following year they commissioned Jekyll to provide a garden design for it.[14]

Gardens

Dorothea Strachey in the Dutch garden, photographed by Gertrude Jekyll

The gardens at Orchards were planted by Gertrude Jekyll.[6]

The Dutch garden has a basin feature with a water spout in the form of a lion mask, by Julia Chance,[5] Grade II listed.[15] She subsequently created sculptures for other Lutyens/Jekyll gardens, including at Marshcourt,[16] and remained a particularly close friend of Gertrude Jekyll.[17]

Outside links

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References

  1. National Heritage List England no. 1378318: Orchards
  2. National Heritage List England no. 1001174: Orchards (park and garden)
  3. Richardson (1981), p. 75.
  4. "Obituary. Sir William Chance". The Times (London): p. 19. 10 April 1935. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Brown (1996), pp. 32–34
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Brown (1982), pp. 55–60
  7. Tankard and Wood (2015), p. 93.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Nairn, Pevsner and Cherry (1995), pp. 378–80.
  9. Wilhide (2012), pp. 24–25.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Gradidge (1981), pp. 32–36
  11. Brown (1982), pp. 105–8.
  12. Wilhide (2012), p. 28.
  13. National Heritage List England no. 1025704: Legh Manor
  14. Tankard and Wood (2015), p. 182.
  15. National Heritage List England no. 1263727: Garden wall and well to east of Orchards
  16. Tankard (2004), pp. 121–2.
  17. Tankard and Wood (2015), pp. 114–5.
  • Brown, Jane (1982). Gardens of a Golden Afternoon. The Story of a Partnership: Edwin Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0-7139-1440-8. 
  • Brown, Jane (1996). Lutyens and the Edwardians. London: Viking. ISBN 0-670-85871-4. 
  • Gradidge, Roderick (1981). Edwin Lutyens: Architect Laureate. London: George Allen and Unwin. ISBN 0-04-720023-5. 
  • Nairn, Ian; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1995). The Buildings of England: Surrey. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-071021-3. 
  • Richardson, Margaret (1981). "Catalogue of Works by Sir Edwin Lutyens". Lutyens: The Work of the English Architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944). London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 0-7287-0304-1. 
  • Tankard, Judith B. (2004). Gardens of the Arts and Crafts Movement: Reality and Imagination. New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-4965-2. 
  • Tankard, Judith; Wood, Martin (2015). Gertrude Jekyll at Munstead Wood. Pimpernel Press. ISBN 978-1-9102-5805-7. 
  • Wilhide, Elizabeth (2012). Sir Edwin Lutyens: Designing in the English Tradition. London: National Trust Books. ISBN 9781907892271.