Maker Church and War Memorial
|South East Cornwall|
The name means a ruin in Cornish, but another Celtic name is Egloshayle, (not to be confused with Egloshayle on the River Camel) which means, the church on the estuary, a very apt description of the church's location.
In their western advance across South West England, the West Saxons halted at the Tamar, but in 705, King Geraint of Dumnonia gave the promontory on the Cornish side of the mouth of the River Tamar to Sherborne Abbey, to keep control of the Tamar mouth in West Saxon hands. This was royal land, and led to the two parcels of land in the parish becoming detached parts of Devon. The Normans installed the Valletorts as tenants of most of the land controlling the Tamar. From them, Maker passed by marriage to the Durnford family and then to the Edgcumbes.
Maker was recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) when it was held by Reginald from Robert, Count of Mortain. There was 1 hide of land and land for 8 ploughs. There were 3 ploughs, 4 serfs, 6 villeins, 8 smallholders, 60 acres of pasture. The value of the manor was £1 sterling though it had formerly been worth £1 10s.
The church of St Julian is a typical 15th-century Cornish church. It was a time of rebuilding throughout the country and churches were designed for preaching the word rather than stressing the liturgy. The aisles are the same length as the nave, and there is a massive western tower. The font is Norman, but was originally at St Merryn. The Edgcumbe chapel was added in 1874.
Fort Picklecombe, near Maker, was commissioned by Lord Palmerston as one of a series of costal defences against possible French invasion. It has since been converted into residential apartments.
- William Hughes, barrister and writer, was born here.
- Rev. Jeremiah Daniel (1854). A geography of Cornwall. https://archive.org/stream/geographyofcornw00dani#page/108/mode/2up.
- Thorn, C. et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,2,14
- Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford
- "Top 15 unusual buildings for sale". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/buyingsellingandmoving/9775390/Top-15-unusual-buildings-for-sale.html.
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