Church of St Michael, 2007
Llanfihangel Penbedw is an ancient parish in the hundred of Kilgerran in north-east Pembrokeshire. The parish, a joint curacy with Capel Colman, in the Diocese of St David's in the Church in Wales, included the village of Boncath and part of the village of Blaenffos. The parish church is abandoned and the civil parish has been absorbed into that of Boncath.
Llanfihangel refers to St Michael the Archangel, to whom the parish church is dedicated. Penbedw refers to a headland of birch trees, which relates to the similarly named Birkenhead on Merseyside. Penbedw has also been translated as birch-covered hill.
The earliest recorded date of the parish is 1325, with the patronage before that date belonging to the Earl of Pembroke.
The living of the parish was presented to George Owen Harry (or Henry) in 1594 by George Owen, Lord of Cemais. Harry held the living until his death in 1614. Richard Fenton the Welsh topographer and poet in his 1811 work A Historical Tour through Pembrokeshire made liberal use of Harry's manuscripts.
Throughout the 19th century the population of the parish remained relatively constant at between 200 and 350. In 1833 the parish had 353 inhabitants and was under the patronage of the Crown with the 1,000.0 acres (404.7 ha) valued at £70 10s. Falling under Cardigan Union, the Poor Law Commissioners reported that an average of £88 was expended on the poor of the parish between 1834 to 1836. Tithe maps and archives of 1840 are held at the National Archives.
The land in the parish was described as "good Sporting Country and surrounded by well-preserved Estates" in a notice of 1869 where over 1,000 acres of arable, grass and woodland across five parishes was for sale freehold. The parish area was 2,410 acres in the 1870s and had a population of 287. In 1881 the majority of males in the parish were working in agriculture.
The perpetual curacy of Llanfihangel Penbedw and Capel Colman resulted in joint events; for example, the 1878 Harvest Thanksgiving Service was held at Capel Colman in the morning and at Llanfihangel Penbedw in the afternoon, with sermons and services in English and Welsh by clergy from several neighbouring parishes. All the clergy were invited to dinner by Mrs Lloyd of Kilrhue.
The final extension of the railway line from Whitland to Cardigan was completed in 1886, with a station at Boncath. The line passed within about 100 yards of the church. The line was closed in 1962 and the track lifted.
In 1891 the parish, with twelve other neighbouring parishes, was the subject of an alert regarding possible difficulties in collecting tithe arrears totalling £500. While neither the bailiff nor the chief-constable of Pembrokeshire expected violence, in the opinion of some of the clergy the possibility could not be dismissed.
In 1897 Rev. Morris James Marsden BA was appointed.
By 1961 the number of houses (66) in the parish had fallen from 86 some 120 years earlier. The number of Welsh speakers fell to 75% in the last quarter of the 20th century. The church was abandoned during the same period and was described in 2004 as "miserably abandoned and overgrown"; the growth was cleared subsequently but the church remains in a poor state internally.
- "Pembrokeshire History". http://pembshistory.org/pplfpb.html. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "The derelict miscellany". http://derelictmisc.org.uk/penbedw.html. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Pembrokeshire Historian, No.6, 1979. http://welshjournals.llgc.org.uk/browse/viewpage/llgc-id:1041698/llgc-id:1042162/llgc-id:1042224/getText. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Harry, George Owen". https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Harry,_George_Owen_(DNB00).
- "Dyfed FHS". http://www.dyfedfhs.org.uk/resources/PEM/lfpw. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Inventory of the Ancient Monuments of Wales. HMSO. 1925. p. 165. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=qcOwIMflx7AC&pg=PA164&lpg=PA164&dq=llanfihangel+penbedw+church&source=bl&ots=4OuU528uet&sig=GPzjDjxC6uitG8Unm5FLZEwDW_A&hl=en&sa=X&ei=4Me7U46yKZSV7AbVtoHgCQ&ved=0CFIQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=llanfihangel%20penbedw%20church&f=false. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "GENUKI - Llanfihangel Penbedw". http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/PEM/LlanfihangelPenbedw/index.html. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- A topographical dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland. Chapman and Hall. 1833. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Q5BCAAAAYAAJ&dq=Llanfihangel+Penbedw&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Annual report of the Poor Law Commissioners. 1837. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=mkcFAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA182&lpg=PA182&dq=Llanfihangel+Penbedw&source=bl&ots=QGC_beZnVz&sig=nKpfl9MduCWMjH7HOUhDbs_54MU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Gca7U-isEpHy7Aam4YDgCQ&ved=0CDcQ6AEwBTge#v=onepage&q=Llanfihangel%20Penbedw&f=false. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "National Archives". http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/Details?uri=C2310203. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Freehold Estates". Essex Standard (British Newspaper Archive). 26 November 1869. http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000165/18691126/002/0001. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "A Vision of Britain through time - Llanfihangel Penbedw". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/4979. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Industry statistics". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10172469/cube/OCC_ORDER1881. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Harvest Thanksgiving Service". Western Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 27 September 1878. http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000104/18780927/021/0003. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- "Ecclestiastical Intelligence". Ipswich Journal (British Newspaper Archive). 4 May 1888. http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000071/18880504/034/0008. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Ecclesiastical News". York Herald (British Newspaper Archive). 4 May 1888. http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000499/18880504/042/0005. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Tithe agitation in West Wales". Western Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 27 January 1891. http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000104/18910127/012/0004. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "Ecclesiastical Intelligence". Hampshire Advertiser (British Newspaper Archive). 13 February 1897. http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000495/18970213/005/0002. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- "Housing statistics". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10172469/cube/HOUSES. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Lloyd, Orbach and Scourfield (2004). Pembrokeshire. Yale University Press. p. 130. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=AyK4f2_8H78C&pg=PA130&lpg=PA130&dq=Llanfihangel+Penbedw&source=bl&ots=3gMYwwQh9S&sig=wvAzOD0_fTFVnxMJVv79WgPuJBk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=28S7U7izMsqy7AbBwIG4CQ&ved=0CGMQ6AEwDjgK#v=onepage&q=Llanfihangel%20Penbedw&f=false. Retrieved 8 July 2014.