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Holy Trinity church and thatched cottages in Elsworth - geograph.org.uk - 462193.jpg
Holy Trinity, Elsworth
Grid reference: TL3163
Location: 52°15’14"N, 0°4’30"W
Population: 657  (2001)
Post town: Cambridge
Postcode: CB23
Dialling code: 01954
Local Government
Council: South Cambridgeshire

Elsworth is a village in Cambridgeshire, standing 9 miles west of Cambridge. At the time of the 2001 Census, the parish's population was 657.


The parish of Elsworth covers an area of 3,840 acres to the north of the Cambridge to St Neots road. Its northwest border forms the border between Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. Its eastern border joins to the parish of Knapwell, formerly a dependent vill. At the end of the 13th century the parish also contained a hamlet called Grave, but was not recorded as inhabited after 1349.[1]

During the Middle Ages, Elsworth was one of the most populous villages in the neighbourhood. In 1086 it reported 44 peasant households and 209 were listed at the time of the poll tax in 1377. Numbers declined over the next two centuries, rising to around 500 people in the 17th century. Numbers grew more rapidly from the 1760s and fluctuated in the 19th century, reaching an all-time peak of 878 in 1841. Around 50 people emigrated to Australia and the United States in the 1850s.[1]

Listed as Eleswurth in 974, and Elesuuorde in the Domesday Book, the name Elsworth means "Eli’s enclosure".[2]


Elsworth has had a church since at least the start of the 11th century that fell under the patronage of Ramsey Abbey. The present parish church of the Holy Trinity was built on the site in the 13th or 14th century, and the chancel and west tower date from this period. The tower contains four bells, three of which date from the 17th century.[1]

The chancel contains some noted Perpendicular wooden stalls. Above the porch door is a sundial bearing the inscription "MOX NOX", and on the east gable is an attractive decorated cross.

Village life

Elsworth has a primary school and pre-school, as well as a recreation ground, a business park and a Post Office/shop.[3]

There are two remaining pubs in the village. The George and Dragon at Cowdell End opened in the first half of the 19th century and was rebuilt after an 1880 fire. A restaurant was added in 1975. The Poacher – known as The Fox and Hounds until the late 20th century – has been open since the 18th century but is renowned within the village for hostility from the locals towards non-regular patrons.[1]

Elsworth has had recorded alehouses since at least the 14th century. By the late 18th century five were recorded, including the Fox and Hounds, the Plough, which closed in 1961, and the Three Horseshoes which closed in around 1915.[1]

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Elsworth)