Chrishall

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Chrishall
Essex
Chrishall church - geograph.org.uk - 4493.jpg
Holy Trinity Church, Chrishall
Location
Grid reference: TL446392
Location: 52°1’55"N, 0°6’32"E
Data
Population: 555  (2011[1])
Post town: Royston
Postcode: SG8
Dialling code: 01763
Local Government
Council: Uttlesford

Chrishall (pronounced Chris hall) is a small village and parish in Essex, adjacent to the border with Cambridgeshire. It is located 12 miles south of Cambridge and lies equidistant six miles between the two mediæval market towns of Saffron Walden and Royston.

The village was listed in the Domesday Book as Cristeshalla, or "nook of land dedicated to Christ". In 1422, (1 Henry VI), it appears in a record as "Cristeshale".[2] It is one of only two English settlements whose name contains the word "Christ".

The Icknield Way, a Neolithic track, passes through the parish.

Chrishall's location is key to its character; as the village sits at the highest point in Essex, at 482 ft above sea level, road construction has avoided this high ground and therefore Chrishall is off the beaten track. Despite its relative isolation the village retains facilities such as a pre-school as well as a primary school. The village also boasts a sports field, a new playground, a church, a village hall and many clubs and societies as well as the Red Cow public house.

Chrishall's population has remained largely unchanged over the last 170 years. In 1841 it totalled 518 and today about 450 people live in the village.[3]

History

Following the Norman Conquest, the area around Chrishall was given to Eustace of Boulogne, who built and occupied a house on a hill to the south of the current church. He named the house "Flanders", and it was there that his daughter Matilda of Boulogne, later wife of King Stephen, was raised. A letter survives that the queen wrote to Hubert the Chamberlain, ordering that the residents of Chrishall be looked after. The house survived until the 15th century, and is believed to have stood on the site of Chiswick Hall, itself built in the 17th century by Sir John James (d.1676).[4][5]

Church

The village has been home to a church for over a thousand years. Prior to the Norman invasion a small church dedicated to the Virgin Mary was situated on the site of the present church.[4]

The current church, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was begun in the 12th century. It consists of a nave and aisles, a chancel, and a stone tower crowned by a spire, and containing four bells. It was appropriated, at an early period, to Westminster Abbey.[5]

The church contains a number of brasses, including a notable one in memory of Sir John de la Pole and his wife, dating from 1380.

Chrishall Common

Chrishall Common

At the edge of the parish is Chrishall Common, a hill which at 482 ft is a County top: the highest point in Essex, and also of East Anglia.[6]

Buildings

The village has a pub, church, Primary school, village hall and adventure playground.

The barn attached to the Red Cow pub is the oldest building in Chrishall apart from the church, believed to date to 1500. There was once a village shop in front of the pub, however this is now closed.

Holy Trinity Church, a 12th Century Grade I Listed Building,[7] is situated on the edge of the main village. A comprehensive set of images and the detailed history of Holy Trinity appear on the parish website. In the centre of the village lies Chrishall Holy Trinity and St. Nicholas C of E Primary School, Jigney's meadow and the adventure playground. The village hall has recently been relocated to the Methodist chapel in Crawley End.

Literature

Chrishall is the presumed location featuring in the short ghost story The Story of a Disappearance and an Appearance by M.R.James published in A thin Ghost and Others in 1919

References

  1. "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11121974&c=SG8+8NP&d=16&e=62&g=6426485&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1443439170166&enc=1. Retrieved 28 September 2015. 
  2. Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/647; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no647/bCP40no647dorses/IMG_0645.htm; first entry next to the thumb, with "cant" in the margin
  3. http://www.chrishallpc.org.uk/
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Local history of Chrishall". Uttlesford History. http://www.recordinguttlesfordhistory.org.uk/chrishall/chrishall.html. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 White (1848). Directory of Essex. 
  6. Muir, Jonny (2011). The UK's County Tops: Reaching the top of 91 historic counties. Cicerone. ISBN 9781849655538. https://books.google.com/books?id=mk6k8LtfV2kC&pg=PA70&dq. 
  7. National Heritage List England no. 1112444: Church of Holy Trinity (Historic England)

Outside links

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about Chrishall)