Canon Frome

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Canon Frome Court and church from the west
Canon Frome Court - frontage.
The Parish Church of St James close by Canon Frome Court House.

Canon Frome is a small rural parish on the River Frome, in the Radlow hundred of Herefordshire. It is situated five miles north-west of Ledbury, and has a population of 139.[1] Its most notable feature is Canon Frome Court which is a large Grade-II-listed red-brick country house. The house was originally a sixteenth-century moated manor house but was extensively rebuilt, incorporating earlier parts of the building, in 1786 and again in 1868. It was for 300 years the ancestral home of the Hopton family.[2] It now forms a cohousing community.

History

The first known occupation of the site was by the Roman army who had a fort near the river, the remains of which are still traceable today. The Canons of Llanthony Abbey established themselves here in 1280.[3]

The Hoptons came to prominence at Canon Frome through the marriage in 1591 of Michael Hopton, a knight of Shropshire, to a widow named Martha Hareford the heiress of the Canon Frome estate.

During the Civil War the then moated House contained a Royalist garrison under a Colonel John Barnold with 120 men. It was captured in 1645 by a Scots army under the Earl of Leven. The house was ransacked, and some 70 men of the garrison were killed by Parliament's men.[4] Many of the dead were buried where they fell. There was said to be a field named Bloody Acre in the area.

Oliver Cromwell is reputed to have rested at the house sometime before the Battle of Ledbury in 1645.[5][6]

The present house was built in 1786 and is attributed to architect Anthony Keck working for Richard Cope Hopton (1738 - 1810). It is considered a fine example of late eighteenth century architecture. The house was extended and modernised in the 1870s by the architect John Middleton.[7]

Inside the building are some re-set earlier fittings. Notably in the former Billiard Room is a late 16th-century carved wood overmantel consisting of two bays with the initials I. H. and female figures representing Prudence, Justice, and Wisdom.[8]

Gateway to Canon Frome Court.

The house and land was bought by Hereford County Council in 1957 and it became a state secondary school. The school closed in 1978 and the house was bought by the Windflower Housing Association, a cohousing community, and it is now divided into 15 apartments with some common areas. The land is worked collectively. The driveway to the Court is flanked by imposing red brick pillars dated to 1905 which support iron gates. On top of the pillars are unusual sandstone statues, one is the figure of a griffin's head with a bloody hand, in its mouth ; the other is a talbot hound, chained and wearing a floral collar, and resting its paw on a saltire. These are all elements of the Hopton coat of arms.[6]

The Parish Church of St James close by Canon Frome Court House is the third sacred building to occupy the site. The red-brick West Tower was built in 1680, but the rest of the church was re-built in 1860 by the architect George Bodley.[9] It is in the early English style, with an ornate chancel and alabaster reredos.[3]

Colonel John Dutton Hunt Hopton (1858 - 1934) of Canon Frome Court was an exceptional Olympic sharpshooter and a director of the Royal Academy of Music. His is buried at the top of Meephill to the east of the parish . His grave is marked by an impressive stone classical temple that has outstanding resonant musical qualities. This mausoleum marks the spot from which he once hit a bulls-eye 1500 yards away at Old Birchend. [10]

References

  1. "Town's in Herefordshire Beginning with C". Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.. http://www.itraveluk.co.uk/maps/england/herefordshire/towns/c/. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  2. Canon Frome Court, Canon Frome British Listed Buildings. English Heritage Building ID: 153079. Accessed 27 October 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Canon Frome Herefordshire 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, A Vision of Britain Through Time Website. Accessed 27 October 2014
  4. ROLLINSON, PAUL. "THE CIVIL WAR IN HEREFORD - The Great Siege". http://www.colbirch.org.uk/war.html. 
  5. Canon Frome Court Monument Detail, Herefordshire Through Time, 23 July 2010. Accessed 27 October 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 Canon Frome Welcome to Ledbury, Visitor UK Website. Accessed 27 October 2014
  7. John Middleton: JOHN MIDDLETON: Victorian, Provincial Architect, by Brian Torode. Accessed 13 March 2015
  8. Canon Frome An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, Volume 2: East, (1932). Accessed 27 October 2014
  9. National Heritage List England no. 1098907: Parish Church of St James (Historic England)
  10. "Garth Lawson's walk takes him to marksman’s mausoleum" (in en). https://www.herefordtimes.com/news/9687006.garth-lawsons-walk-to-canon-frome-this-month/. Retrieved 2019-04-15. 

Bibliography

  • Burke's and Saville's Guide to Country Houses, 1980, p 13; RCHM Vol II, p 45, item 2; BoE, p 98).
  • Sir Nikolaus Pevsner Buildings of England, Herefordshire, Volume 25, 1961, Page 98. ISBN 9780140710250

Outside links

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