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Barrymore is a barony in the East Riding of County Cork.

It is the namesake of the de Barry family, the Old English family latterly created Earls of Barrymore.[1] Barrymore is bordered by eight baronies:

It stretches from the Nagle Mountains in the north, through the valley of the River Bride, to the north shore of Cork Harbour,[1][2] including Little Island, Great Island, and Haulbowline Island.[3]

The ancestor of the De Barry family in Ireland, Philip de Barry, received from his uncle, Robert Fitz-Stephen, a grant of three cantreds in his own half of the Kingdom of Desmond ("the kingdom of Cork") viz. Olethan, Muschiri-on-Dunnegan (or Muskerry Donegan) and Killyde (or Killede) by the service of ten knights.[4][5] These cantreds became the baronies or hundreds of Oliehan, Oryrry and Ogormliehan respectively. The name "Oliehan" is an anglicisation of the Gaelic Uí Liatháin which refers to the early mediæval kingdom of the Uí Liatháin. This petty kingdom encompassed most of the land in Barrymore and the neighbouring barony of Kinnatalloon. Oryrry is currently known as the Barony of Orrery and Kilmore. The name Killyde survives in "Killeady Hills", the name of the hill country south of the city of Cork. According to Rev. Barry, the baronies were
"coextensive with the ecclesiastical deaneries of Olethan and Muscry Donnegan in the diocese of Cloyne, and Ocurblethan, in the diocese of Cork.[6]

Civil parishes and settlements

Settlements in the barony include Bartlemy, Castlelyons, Carrignavar, Glounthaune, Bridebridge, Midleton, Rathcormack and Watergrasshill.


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Barrymore". The Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland adapted to the new Poor-Law, Franchise, Municipal and Ecclesiastical arrangements ... as existing in 1844–45. I: A–C. Dublin: A. Fullarton & Co. 1846. p. 227. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Joyce, P.W. (c. 1880). "County Cork". Philips' Handy Atlas of the Counties of Ireland. London: George Philips & Son. p. 7. 
  3. Barrymore: islands and archipelagos
  4. Smith. "ch.i". History of Cork. Bk I. 
  5. Egerton MS., 75 B. M., as quoted in Copinger, W. A. (1893). "Book II–Chapter ii". Historical Notes to Smith's History of Cork. p. 175. 
  6. Barry, E (1902). "I: Barrymores". Barrymore : records of the Barrys of County Cork from the earliest to the present time, with pedigrees. Cork: Guy & Co.. p. 18.