Barony of Clogher
Clogher (named after the village of Clogher) is a barony of County Tyrone. It is bordered by four other baronies in the United Kingdom two in the Republic of Ireland: Omagh East to the north, Dungannon Lower to the east, Magherastephana to the south and Tirkennedy to the southwest, and over the border to the southeast are Trough and Monaghan.
The barony of Clogher was a territory formerly known as Kinel Ferady, after the clan named the Cenél Fearadhaigh, a branch of the Cenél nEóghain.
The Mac Cathmhaoil (McCaul, Campbell, MacCawell, MacCall) were the leading sept of the Cenél Fearadhaigh, and one of the seven powerful septs supporting O'Neill. The Maolgeimridh (Mulgomery, Montgomery) and Maolpadraig (Mulpatrick, Kilpatrick) septs are recorded as being in possession of the two districts of the Cenél Fearadhaigh at one stage.
The Cenél Fearadhaigh by the 12th century controlled a large portion of Tyrone and had penetrated deep into Fermanagh. By the mid-14th century however, the Maguires would break the power of the Cenél Fearadhaigh in Fermanagh.
The baronies of Ulster were created around 1585, and after the general manner, the old lands of the Kinel Ferady were named after the principal town or castle of the barony, hence Clogher.
The civil parishes in Clogher barony are:
- Aghalurcher (split with barony of Magherastephana)
- Donacavy (split with barony of Omagh East)
- Errigal Keerogue
- Errigal Trough
- PRONI Baronies of Northern Ireland
- Bell, Robert; The Book of Ulster Surnames. The Black Staff Press, 2003. ISBN 0-85640-602-3
- Cartin, Edward; Where did and do the Ui Mhic Carthainn live?
- PRONI Parishes of County Tyrone