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Scots: Affleck
Auchinleck House.jpg
Auchinleck House
Grid reference: NS548223
Location: 55°28’24"N, 4°17’55"W
Population: 3,512  (2001)
Post town: Cumnock
Postcode: KA18
Dialling code: 01290
Local Government
Council: East Ayrshire
Kilmarnock and Loudoun

Auchinleck is a village five miles southeast of Mauchline, and two miles northwest of Cumnock in Ayrshire.

Surrounding the village is Auchinleck Estate, centred on Auchinleck House, past home of the lawyer, diarist and biographer James Boswell, 9th Laird of Auchinleck.


Auchinleck is situated at the heart of the ancient Kyle district of Ayrshire. The name means 'field of (flat) stones' in Gaelic.

Although record of a community exists from as early as 1239, reliable records can really only be said to date from the arrival of the Boswell family in 1504. The barony of Auchinleck had been forfeited to the crown and was granted by James IV to his 'good and faithful servant' Thomas Boswell.[1]

The Boswells proved to be assiduous in their estate husbandry and by the early 1700s a viable village community and a thriving estate had begun to emerge from the surrounding barren moorland. The New Statistical Account of 1837 documents early mining and quarrying in the area which was to become the impetus for the region to boom. By 1881 the parish population had blossomed and was 6,681, four times what it had been in 1831[1]

Nationalisation of coal in 1947 brought investment and with the building of the Barony Power Station, which was commissioned in 1957, the future of the region seemed assured. However, within 30 years the fortunes of the area, so tied to coal, followed the spectacular demise of deep pit mining.[1] Lacking an economic source of fuel as mines closed, the power station shut down in 1989, High House pits closed in 1983, and Auchinleck village subsided into post-industrial recession. However, with the recent acquisition and subsequent development of Dumfries House in the area by HRH Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay, and with new building taking place in the area there are signs of 'green shoots'.


  • Junior Football: Auchinleck Talbot FC

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Auchinleck)


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Young, Alex F. (2005). Old Auchinleck. Catrine, Ayrhsire: Senlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 9781740333375.