Woodmancote, Bishop's Cleeve
Rose Cottage, Woodmancote
The name of the village is from the Old English for 'woodmen's cottage': Wudumannacote. It is one of three villages of the same name in Gloucestershire.
In the south-east of the parish is the small village of Cleeve Hill, under the slopes of the hill of the same name: Cleeve Hill.
Over centuries Woodmancote remained an area of smallholdings and arable fields. Only in 1847 the traditional farming of the villagers on mediæval open-fields ended, as arable land became enclosed into the fields we see today. For 600 years Bishop's Cleeve and Woodmancote have been hard to define as two separate parishes. This was because both were "in the same manor of the Bishop of Worcester and so it is often impossible to distinguish in his records". The Black Death saw one third of the population of Bishop's Cleeve and Woodmancote die.
In the 1870s, Woodmancote was described by John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales as:
- "a hamlet in Bishops-Cleeve parish, Gloucester; 3½ miles W by S of Winchcomb. Real property, £2,459; of which £40 are in quarries. Pop., 431. Houses, 100.".
The main road running through Woodmancote is called Station Road as it led to Bishop's Cleeve railway station. This road leads straight into Bishop's Cleeve to the west and Cheltenham to the south. From there, the M5 is easily accessible.
Woodmancote and Bishop's Cleeve were once served by a railway line that divides the two parishes. It was created on 1 June 1906 by the Great Western Railway which ran from Stratford-upon-Avon and finished at Cheltenham. The railway station closed on 7 March 1960 and was demolished.
Woodmancote's development has been stunted because of where it is located: its position at the foot of Cleeve Hill gives the settlement only a westerly direction to expand, but only to an extent before it reaches the boundary of Bishop's Cleeve.
The village is the home of the Woodmancote Evangelical Free Church, part of the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion.
- Woodmancote Parish council. "Woodmancote online Gloucestershire". http://www.woodmancoteparish.co.uk/. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Woodmancote Parish council. "Woodmancote village appraisal 2006/2007". http://www.woodmancoteparish.co.uk/wmcpp.pdf. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Aldred, David .H (18 October 2013). A History Of Bishop's Cleeve And Woodmancote. Amberley Publishing Limited. pp. 77. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ikWIAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA77&lpg=PA77&dq=Hugh+Denham%E2%80%99s+%E2%80%98The+Woodmancote+Book%E2%80%99&source=bl&ots=6e6fIfJwbE&sig=3C1plHpC8QdVIaOmrhHeRNCWH8w&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8LIUVadtkPlqjN-B2Ag&ved=0CEYQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Hugh%20Denham%E2%80%99s%20%E2%80%98The%20Woodmancote%20Book%E2%80%99&f=false. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Wilson, John Marius (1870). Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co.. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/11475. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Woodmancote church. "Woodmancote church". http://www.woodmancotechurch.org.uk/welcome.htm. Retrieved 27 April 2015.