Newark Priory

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Newark Priory

Surrey

Newark Priory, Near Pyrford Surrey - geograph.org.uk - 1217221.jpg
Newark Priory
Location
Grid reference: TQ040574
Location: 51°18’32"N, 0°30’24"W
Village: Pyrford
Order: Augustinian
History
Established: between 1189-1199
Founder: Rauld de Calva and
his wife Beatrice de Saudes
Information
Condition: Ruins

Newark Priory is a ruined priory on an island surrounded by the River Wey south of the village of Pyrford in Surrey.[1] Here the fields on which the ruins stand are surrounded on one side by a bend in the main stream of the Wey, and the other by a backwater, the Abbey Stream, the two together forming a moat to the site.

History

Newark Priory was before its reconstruction run by the Canons Regular of St Augustine and the register of Bishop Woodlock (1312) states that the priory was first founded by a Bishop of Winchester.[2]

The Priory was granted substantial lands "to the canons there serving God" in the late 12th Century by Rauld de Calva and his wife Beatrice de Sandes for the Augustian canons "to build a church" when Richard I reigned (1189–99) so according with its Early English Gothic architecture, the present priory dates to then.[3] It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St Thomas Becket[3] in contemporary documents "Thomas the Martyr"[2] and originally, the land where the church was built was called Aldbury. This gradually changed its name from Aldbury to Newark or the New Place (novo loco) of St Thomas near Guildford,[2] at one point being called Newstead.[3]

The taxation roll of 1291 shows considerable non-ecclesiastic assets (temporalities). The priory held tenements or rents in ten London parishes, producing an income of £5 16s 3d; in the wider Diocese of London; in the Diocese of Rochester £1 6s was produced annually; and in Diocese of Winchester income of £27 10sd.[2]

At Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries Newark Priory was dissolved. The prior himself was pensioned off, all valuables sent to the Tower of London and the land given to the Master of the King's Horse. It has been said that a cannon was employed from the top of Church Hill, Pyrford to bombard or demolish what were the then extensive buildings. This incident is portrayed in one of a series of paintings made by artist Tessa Kewen.[3] The last known prior of Newark Priory was Richard Lipscombe, appointed just before the surrender of the establishment and lands in 1538.[2] The building, falling into ruin, was said to have been further destroyed by locals using the stones for road mending until Thomas Onslow, 2nd Baron Onslow, the owner in the 1730s, decided to preserve what remained.[4]

Today

Newark Priory still exists as ruins today and is listed as a Grade I Ancient Monument. It was placed upon the Register of Buildings at risk, established in 2007.[1] It is on private land so is unable to be reached at closer proximity than the Wey path by Newark Lock and Newark Mill. Its island of a few acres is a meadow crossed at its end by Newark Lane between Pyrford and Ripley

A dawn service is held each year on Easter Day at 6am in the ruins, run by churches from the surrounding towns including Byfleet, West Byfleet, Pyrford and Ripley.

Outside links

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("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Newark Priory)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 National Heritage List England no. 1377835: Ruins of Newark Priory (Historic England)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Houses of Austin canons: Priory of NewarkA History of the County of Surrey Volume 2Victoria County History
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Pyrford: A Brief History of an English Village". Pyrford Press. May 2013. http://www.pyrford.com/history/pyrford.html. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  4. Thomas Cromwell (antiquary) (1821). Excursions in the County of Surrey. http://books.google.com/books?id=WKUBAAAAYAAJ.