The Horndon Woolmarket
Horndon-on-the-Hill is a village and ancient parish in the Barstable Hundred of Essex. It is located close to the A13 road, around one mile north-west of Stanford-le-Hope and around two miles north-east of Orsett.
Horndon-on-the-Hill has one church, the Church of St Peter and St Paul, which dates from the 13th century and is Grade-I listed. It also has a primary school, a recreational park and two public houses, The Swan and The Bell.
Horndon-on-the-Hill appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Horninduna, meaning "horn-shaped hill". It may have been the site of the 11th-century Horndon mint, based on the survival of a single Anglo-Saxon penny from the village.
In the late 15th century, the lord of the manors of Arden Hall and Horndon House was Sir Edmund Shaa. Shaa was a supporter of Richard III and was knighted by him. These manors remained in the Shaa family for several generations before passing to the Pooley family.
A woolmarket was established in the village in the early 16th century; the building later became a shelter for the poor people of the area.
On the south wall of the church is a memorial to Thomas Higbed, who was burned at the stake in Horndon in 1555 and is included in Foxe's Book of Martyrs.
Horndon-on-the-Hill was designated a conservation area in September 1969.
The founder of Vincent Motorcycles, Philip Vincent lived in High House, Horndon-on-the-Hill. On 21 July 2002, a Thurrock Heritage green Plaque was unveiled by Vincent's grandson, Philip Vincent-Day, at High House. Another resident was the Managing Director of BBC World Service (1986-93), and arts administrator John Tusa.
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- "St Peter and St Paul, Horndon-on-the-Hill". Thurrock Local History Society. http://www.thurrock-history.org.uk/stpeter.htm. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Mills, A.D., A Dictionary of British Place Names (Oxford University Press, 2011). ISBN 978-0-1996-0908-6
- Tinworth, Winifred M (2005). Horndon on the Hill, Ancient and Modern. Daily Mail. p. 45.
- "The Horndon Woolmarket". Thurrock Council. https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/historical-places-in-thurrock/horndon-woolmarket. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Christopher Harrold, Exploring Thurrock (Thurrock Local History Society, 2008)
- "Conservation Areas in Thurrock". Thurrock Council. https://www.thurrock.gov.uk/conservation-areas/conservation-areas-in-thurrock. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Lecture by John Tusa