Irish: Dún Iomáin
Dunamon Castle, otherwise known as Donamon, is one of the oldest inhabited buildings in Ireland. It stands on raised ground overlooking the River Suck in County Roscommon. There was a fort here from early times (hence the name Dún Iomáin, fort of Iomán), but the first recorded reference to "Dún Iomghain" is in the Annals of the Four Masters for the year 1154.
This was the seat of the Ó Fionnachta chief of Clann Chonnmhaigh, one of the two main branches of this Connaught family. In 1232, Adam de Staunton fortified the site further as part of the Norman conquest, but this were retaken and demolished by the native O'Connors the following year. The rebuilt castle was occupied in 1294 by de Oddingseles. He died the following year. The de Birminghams then took over but it was again destroyed by the O'Connors and 1307 they were supplanted by a branch of the Burkes, the head of which was known as MacDavid. The MacDavid Burkes occupied it for the next 300 years. During the seventeenth century wars of conquest and dispossession a junior branch of the Caulfeild family came to own the castle and surrounding territory. They continued to own it throughout the Protestant Ascendancy.
In late 1932, an Irish Republican Army unit, under the command of Seán McCool and Mick Price, took over Donamon Castle to set up an IRA training camp.
In 1939 the Divine Word Missionaries, a Roman Catholic mission organisation, came to Ireland and purchased the castle from the Irish Land Commission. The Missionary Society constructed several new buildings to create a campus for training people before they went into the field. The Castle itself is still their home in Ireland. The training campus is now managed by the Irish Wheelchair Association as a National Holiday Centre.
- "Irish Names and Surnames". LibraryIreland.com. 1923. http://www.libraryireland.com/names/of/o-fionnachta.php. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- "Donamon Castle, Castles Historical in Roscommon. Find all Roscommon Travel and Tourist information in Ireland". Goireland.com. http://www.goireland.com/roscommon/donamon-castle-attraction-castles-historical-id13467.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-18.
- "Cuisle Holiday Centre". Cuisle.com. http://www.cuisle.com. Retrieved 2013-05-27.