From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
Cavendish High Street.jpg
Cavendish High Street, seen from the green
Grid reference: TL805464
Location: 52°5’13"N, 0°37’59"E
Population: 1,026  (2011[1])
Post town: Sudbury
Postcode: CO10
Dialling code: 01787
Local Government
Council: West Suffolk
South Suffolk

Cavendish is a village and parish in southern Suffolk, adjacent to the border with Essex. It lies just to the north of the River Stour, which forms the county border.


The Pink Cottages and St Mary's Church from the village green

It is believed that Cavendish is called so because a man called Cafa once owned an eddish (pasture for aftermath) here. Over time, 'Cafan Eddish' became 'Cavendish'.[2] It was home to Sir John Cavendish, the ancestor of the Dukes of Devonshire, who was involved in suppressing the Peasants' Revolt. Wat Tyler, the peasants' leader, was arrested by William Walworth, the Mayor of London, for threatening King Richard II in 1381. As Tyler fought back, Cavendish's son, also called John, who was responsible for escorting the King, ran Tyler through with his sword, killing him.[3] As a result, John Cavendish tried to flee from the pursuing peasants, and he hung on to the handle of the door of St Mary's Church to plead sanctuary.[4] A few days later, on 15 June 1381, the elder John Cavendish was seized at Bury St Edmunds and beheaded by a mob led by Jack Straw.[5] He is buried in Bury St Edmunds. St Mary's Church had a bequest from Sir John, and its chancel was restored.

The village has a United Reformed Church, where Catholic services are also held, and three pubs - the Five Bells, the George, and the Bull. Leonard Lord Cheshire and his wife Sue Ryder are buried in Cavendish. The museum at Cavendish is now closed but history of the Sue Ryder Foundation and life at the Cavendish home may be obtained from the Sue Ryder legacy and history team. As Cavendish was begun as a home for concentration camp survivors the charity holds some records of the people who were rescued by Sue Ryder.[6]


  1. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  2. Skeat, Rev'd Walter (1913). The Place-Names of Suffolk. The Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 
  3. Notices of the Manor of Cavendish, in Suffolk, and of the Cavendish Family while possessed of that Manor. By Thomas Ruggles, Esq. F. A. S. Read May 3, 1792. in Archaeologia, or, Miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity, Volume XI
  4. "C is for Cavendish". BBC Suffolk online. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  5. Family History Monthly, No.24, September 1997, "Cavendish: The Dukes of Devonshire", Brenda Lewis

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Cavendish)
Suffolk St Edmund badge.svg
 This Suffolk article is a stub: help to improve Wikishire by building it up.