The Black Devon is a river in Fife and Clackmannanshire which finds its way to the Firth of Forth. It is not a tributary of the nearby River Devon, a larger river, but runs parallel to it a little to the south and enters the River Forth south of Clackmannan, downstream of the Devon's mouth.
The Black Devon rises in the area west of Knockhill Racing Circuit, around 5½ miles northwest of Dunfermline in Fife, with the gathering of three small streams in branch formation. The river flows westwards through Balgonar, north of Saline, and then merges with the Saline Burn.
This is a narrow and shallow river that holds wild brown trout, and also sees sea trout in winter months that come into the Firth of Forth, which is tidal as far as Stirling. The Rivers and Fisheries Trusts of Scotland manage the River Forth and its tributary rivers, which besides the Black Devon include the River Devon, River Teith, and River Allan.
- Location map: 56°6’42"N, 3°44’8"W