Rooftops of Stranraer
|Council:||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Dumfries and Galloway|
Stranraer is a port town in Wigtownshire.
Stranraer lies on the shores of Loch Ryan on the northern side of the isthmus joining the Rhins of Galloway to the mainland. The name is generally believed to come from the Gaelic An t-Sròn Reamhar meaning "The Fat Nose" but which more prosaically might be rendered as "the broad headland", possibly from Galloway Gaelic or Ulster Gaelic. Another interpretation would link the second element in the name with Rerigonium, a settlement anciently noted by Ptolemy in this part of Britain.
The original part of town is that down by the lochside, including Sheuchan Street and Agnew Crescent, known locally as the Clayhole or, in local dialect Cl'yhole, and a man from that part of town is a "Clayholer".
Stranraer became a burgh of barony in 1596 and a royal burgh in 1617. By 1600, it had become the market town for western Wigtownshire. At about this time Stranraer was reached by a military road built from Dumfries to allow easier access to Portpatrick for transport to Ireland.
The first harbour in Stranraer was built in the mid-18th century, with further port development in the 1820s. The arrival of the railway from Dumfries in 1861 finally established Stranraer as the area's main port. In 1862, the line was extended to serve the harbour directly, and a link to Portpatrick was also opened. Some time later, a rail connection north to Girvan was established.
Stranraer remained the main Scottish port for the Irish ferries for the next 150 years or so.
Stranraer and its surrounding area saw a significant amount of activity during the Second World War, as it became a focus for anti U-boat work. Flying boats operated from the area in an attempt to secure the waters of the North Channel and the south western coast of Scotland. Almost all of Britain's shipping imports passed through those two sea areas on their way to the Cyde or the Mersey. Indeed, the flying boat Supermarine Stranraer is named after the town. Winston Churchill himself departed from Stranraer in a Boeing Flying Boat on the night of the 25 June 1942, when making his second visit of the war to the United States. Churchill also spent time at nearby Knockinaam Lodge during the war years.
On 31 January 1953, 133 people died when the Princess Victoria out if Stranraer sank near Belfast Lough after its car deck was swamped by heavy seas.
Stranraer has an active local history trust which publishes work on the area's history commissioned from local authors.
Historic and notable buildings
The Castle of St John is a mediæval tower house, built around 1500 by the Adairs of Kilhilt. It has been used as a home, a court, a prison, and a military garrison, the latter during the Killing Times in the 1680s.
The Old Town Hall was built in 1776 and now houses Stranraer Museum with its displays of Victorian Wigtownshire and the town's polar explorers, Sir John Ross and his nephew James Clark Ross.
The town is also home to the North West Castle, built in 1820 and with its own indoor curling ice rink.
Stranraer is the largest town in Wigtownshire and indeed the biggest in Galloway. With the surrounding area, it counts a population of nearly 13,000. It is currently undergoing redevelopment in the South Central Area (known as Dick's Hill, Ochtrelure and the southern part of Liddesdale Road area into the Gallow Hill).
The town is divided into districts:
- Stranraer Town
- West End
- Ailsa View
- Sheuchan Parks / Liddesdale
- Ailsa Gait
Outer districts are Inchparks, Innermessan, Soulseat, Culhorn, Sandmill, Auchtrelure, Gallowhill and Blackparks: villages and farmsteads drawn into the swelling port town.
At an estimated cost of £1.29m, the ‘Castle Square’ development will be the first phase of the redevelopment of Stranraer town centre and significantly change the flow of traffic with Castle Street and George Street both being narrowed in a bid to be more pedestrian friendly.
As of January 2010 work on the streets around the town centre is now complete, with the streets around the Castle of St John re-paved and re-profiled.
The Castle Square was formally unveiled in early Spring and has so far hosted a range of activities, including music and family events.
The main industries in the area are the ferry port, with associated industries, tourism and more traditionally farming. The Caledonian Cheese Company operates a large creamery in the town which supports a large number of jobs. Stranraer is the home to Seriously Strong Cheese.
Sights about the town
Local tourist attractions include:
- Ardwell Gardens
- Castle of St John
- Castle Kennedy Gardens - a 75-acre garden between 2 lochs noted for its rhododendrons, azaleas and embothriums in the grounds of Lochinch Castle, the seat of the Earls of Stair
- Glenluce Abbey - a 12th-century Cistercian monastery
- Glenwhan Gardens - a 12-acre garden near Dunragit
- Logan Botanic Garden, near Port Logan village, one of the four sites of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh
- Mull of Galloway - the most southerly point of Scotland with a lighthouse, visitor centre and RSPB bird reserve
- Southern Upland Way - a long-distance path of 212 miles between Portpatrick and Cockburnspath
- Stranraer Museum
Also local of course:
Stranraer railway station is the southern terminus for one of the branch lines of the Glasgow South Western Line. Trains go daily to Ayr, Glasgow, and Kilmarnock. The trains connect with the ferry to Belfast.
The main national coach providers operate services from Stranraer. National Express offer a service to London, and Scottish Citylink (in association with Ulsterbus) operate services (which connect with High-speed Sea Service sailings) to Edinburgh.
In November 2011 Stena Line relocated its ferry services to a new port at Old House Point, north of Cairnryan. It is hoped that the existing port in Stranraer will be redeveloped with the departure of Stena Line, with proposals to build a transport hub having been drawn up.
The Stranraer Tunnel idea
James Barton, one of the visionaey engineers of the later Victorian period, dreamed of a rail tunnel across the North Channel from Wigtownshire to Antrim. He published a paper about the project to the International Engineering Congress in Glasgow in September 1901, estimating the cost at £10,000,000.
For distance the North Channel is no undefeatable challenge, the Channel Tunnel from Kent is longer, but depth and geology stand against it. Instead, Barton proposed a floating tunnel which would have been anchored at Whitehead on Island Magee and at Portpatrick on the Rhinns of Galloway and sunk just deep enough to keep it away from tide and storm. A few weeks after Barton's paper was published, Lord Rosebery alluded to it with favour in a speech in Stranraer. It was never however attempted. The idea does not however go away.
- Football: Stranraer FC, the local semi-professional football team who play at Stair Park
- Rugby: Wigtownshire RFC, based in the town, playing at London Road Playing Fields, opposite Stair Park
Also at Stair Park are BMX and skateboarding ramps, and all-weather tennis and netball courts. The town also has a swimming pool (with flume), fitness suite, gymnasium and large sports hall at the council-run Ryan Centre, as well as other football fields, parks and all-weather multi-purpose pitches.
Throughout the years, Stranraer has also become a centre of excellence for Scottish curling. The town boasts the first hotel in the world with an indoor curling ice rink (North West Castle), and was the birthplace of Hammy McMillan, a World Champion curler, who continues to live in the town today. The town is host to a number of annual curling championships, including the Scottish Ladies' Curling Championship and the World Juniors Curling Championship.
There is also an amateur Boxing club and amateur Kickboxing club currently active in Stranraer.
A small leisure boat marina was constructed in Stranraer Harbour in 2008.
- Local newspapers:
- The Stranraer and Wigtownshire Free Press, based and printed in St Andrews Street
- The Galloway Gazette also covers the town and surrounding area
- Stranraer falls in the ITV Border television area but also received Ulster.
- The nearest radio station is based in Belfast
- West Sound FM broadcasts at 96.5FM in the town.
- North West Castle – curling
- "Nearest Airport to Stranraer". Travel Math. http://www.travelmath.com/nearest-airport/Stranraer,+United+Kingdom. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
- West Sound FM