Henley Bridge

From Wikishire
Revision as of 20:39, 21 October 2019 by RB (Talk | contribs)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
Henley Bridge
Oxfordshire, Berkshire
Henley Bridge.jpg
The upstream side of the bridge at Henley
from near the Henley Royal Regatta headquarters
on the Berkshire bank
Location
Carrying: A4130 road
Crossing: River Thames
Location
Location: 51°32’15"N, 0°54’1"W
Structure
Design: Arch
Material: Stone
History
Built 1786
Information

Henley Bridge is a road bridge built in 1786 at Henley-on-Thames over the River Thames, between Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The bridge has five elliptical stone arches, and links Hart Street in Henley with White Hill (designated the A4130) leading up a steep hill to Remenham Hill. It crosses the Thames on the reach between Hambledon Lock and Marsh Lock, carrying the Thames Path across the river. It is a Grade-I listed building.[1]

History

This point of the Thames has been used for crossing since ancient times. The current bridge replaced an earlier wooden structure, the foundations of which can be seen in the basement of the Henley Royal Regatta headquarters nearby on the Berkshire side. However, the remains of two stone arches on both sides of the river indicate the existence of an even more ancient stone bridge prior to the timber structure. This bridge has been identified by some authors as the bridge which the Romans crossed pursuing the Britons in AD 43, as described by Dion Cassius. This hypothesis is refuted by many other authors.[2] The earliest recording of a bridge is in the Patent Rolls of 1232. In 1354, two granaries were leased on the bridge, which was timber on stone piers and several chapels are recorded. It was carried away in the great flood of 1774,[3] but part of the eastern abutment is built on the intact easternmost span of the original 12th-century bridge.[1]

Present bridge

Front view from upstream

It was originally designed in 1781 by William Hayward of Shrewsbury, who died in 1782 before the construction of the bridge had begun.[4][5][6] The bridge was built by the Oxford mason John Townesend.[4] Sculptures of Isis and Tamesis by Anne Seymour Damer are at the keystone of the central arch on each side of the bridge.[7] Tamesis faces the north (downstream section of the bridge) and Isis the south (upstream section).[5][6] The original models for these can be seen in the Henley Gallery at the nearby River and Rowing Museum.

The cost of building the bridge was approximately £10,000.[6]

Damage and repair in 2010 and 2011

In August 2010 the bridge was damaged by a boat named Crazy Love. A £200,000 repair programme commenced the following year [8]

Adjacent features

Leander Club, one of the oldest rowing clubs in the world,[9] is also close to the bridge on the Berkshire side.[5] On the Oxfordshire (Henley) side are the Angel on the Bridge riverside public house and the Red Lion Hotel, an old coaching inn. St Mary the Virgin, the main civic church in Henley with its tower dominating the view, is also close by.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 National Heritage List England no. 1369131: Henley Bridge (Grade I) (listing)
  2. Cooke, p.45
  3. Thacker, Fred S. (1968) [reprint of 1920 edition], The Thames Highway, 2, Locks and Weirs, David & Charles, pp. 268–271 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ruddock, p.114
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 A choice of walks from Henley along the River Thames into the Chiltern Hills. Thames & Chilterns Walk. Chilterns Country, p.2. Chilterns Conservation Board. September, 2008
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Henley Guide, p.8
  7. Walpole, pp.550–1
  8. "Bridge damage costs £200,000 in repairs". Henley Standard. 5 September 2011. http://www.henleystandard.co.uk/news/news.php?id=975849. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  9. Leander Club: Home Page

Bibliography

Outside links

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Henley Bridge)


Bridges and crossings on the River Thames
Caversham Lock Sonning Bridges Shiplake Railway Bridge Henley Bridge Hambledon Lock Temple Footbridge Marlow Bridge